Rajasthan: Archival Source
Rajasthan Archival Source:- In the present period, pre-written or written official, semi-official, or public written resources come under archival material.
Classification of epigraphy: Epigraphic materials are classified into archeological records, epigraphic records, and archival records from the point of view of the institutional location.
Material wise: Inscriptions and copper plates are stored in the archeology.
Ancient handwritten texts, palm-leaf and parchment articles, pen drawings, maps, etc. are collected in ancient educational institutions.
There, state archival material, other institutional archival material, and public written archival material are collected in the archives.
In Rajasthan, a huge collection of epigraphic sources is preserved in the State Archives, Bikaner, and various circle or district archives under it.
The entire archival material can be sub-categorized into Persian, Urdu, Rajasthani, and English language is written epigraphical material by dividing the official collection and institutional or private material into the personal collection –
Persian/Urdu language written epigraphic material which includes Farman Musoor, Rukka, Nishan, Arjdasht, Hasbulhukm, Ramz, Ahkam, Sanad, Insha, Ruqaiyat, Vakil Report, and Akhbarat.
In Rajasthani/Hindi language, Patta-Parwanen, Bahiyan, Kharite, Khatat, Arjiyan, Hakikat, Yaddaasht, Roznamche, Maps of villages, Hale-Hawale, Chittiya, Pandi newspaper, Baakibat diaries, etc. are main.
In the archives written or printed in English language, Rajputana Agency Records, Records of Foreign and Political Department, Ture Report, Memais, and Patridi Collection, as well as material compiled in the form of Mewar and Marwar Pressings are available.
The above material is also known in the following form according to the region or ancient princely states –
Jodhpur records, Bikaner records, or Marwar records
Kota Records or Hadoti Records
Udaipur Records or Mewar Records
Period of the Archival Collection (Rajasthan: Archival Source)
The period of epigraphic collection in India is actually the gift of the Muslim rulers. We start getting correspondence, administrative records, descriptions of subscriptions, etc. from the central government to the provinces and districts and district units to the provincial administration and the center, but systematically the epigraphic material is received during the Mughal period and after that. The British period was based on administrative offices. Therefore, the record of this period is available in abundance. Due to the influence of the Mughal rulers in Rajasthan and administrative relations with them, after the 16th century, the work of preserving state letters and proceedings started in various states. Maldev was the first administrator of the Marwar state, probably Who had appointed Mulla Surkh, the librarian of Mughal emperor Humayun, in his kingdom for record collection or book collection. 1562 AD From 1500 onwards, the royal family of Amer and till 1510 AD most of the rulers of Rajasthan had surrendered to the Mughal ruler Akbar. After that, they were made Mansabdar, Jagirdar, etc. in the Mughal administration. In this way, regular records of administrative proceedings between them and the Mughal rule were kept in the royal houses of Rajasthan. Similar records were also accumulated between states and their vassals. Although this record was destroyed in the Maratha encroachments in the 18-19th century, Pindariya’s plunder, from the second half of the 19th century till the merger of the princely states in the state of Rajasthan, records are available in abundance. It was dedicated by the princely states to the Government of Rajasthan for state archives, yet records of jagirs and other archival material of public utility are still lying with the former kings.
140 Farmans, 18 Mansoors, and 132 Nishans written by the Delhi emperors between 1585 AD and 1799 AD were preserved in the Jaipur records. 3 marks, 37 Farman were preserved in the Jodhpur record, and 1 Farman, 8 marks were preserved in the Sirohi record. This material is now preserved in the Rajasthan State Archives, Bikaner. The Persian/Urdu written epigraphic material is as follows:
FARMAN AND MANSOOR
IT WAS SENT BY THE EMPEROR (RULER) TO HIS FEUDATORIES, PRINCES, RULERS, OR SUBJECTS HIMSELF OR OTHERS IN WRITING. TUGRA OR THE KING’S PAW (PALM MARK) WAS USED ON THESE LETTERS.
LETTERS CALLED NISHAN WERE LETTERS WRITTEN BY PRINCESSES OR QUEENS TO THOSE OTHER THAN THE EMPEROR. DURING THE REIGN OF JAHANGIR, JAHANGIR’S NAME WAS USED ON THE MARKS SENT BY NUR JAHAN, BUT NUR JAHAN’S CURRENCY WAS MARKED ON IT. THIS WAS CALLED THE BEGUM’S STAMP.
THESE WERE LETTERS WRITTEN BY SUBJECTS TO RULERS OR PRINCES TO EMPERORS. IF MESSAGES OF VICTORY WERE SENT IN SUCH APPLICATIONS, THEY WERE CALLED FATEHNAMA.
THE MINISTER (WAZIR) USED TO WRITE ON HIS OWN BEHALF TO INFORM THE EMPEROR’S ORDER BY THE ORDER OF THE EMPEROR.
RAMZ AND AHKAM
SOME NOTES WRITTEN BY THE EMPERORS TO THEIR SECRETARY WERE CALLED SPECIAL, ON THE BASIS OF WHICH THE SECRETARY USED TO PREPARE THE ENTIRE LETTER.
THE LETTER WAS GIVEN FOR APPOINTMENT OR AUTHORITY.
IT WAS AN ADMINISTRATIVE LETTER WRITTEN TO A JUNIOR OFFICER.
PRIVATE LETTER WAS THE NOUN, IN LATER TIMES THE LETTER RECEIVED FROM THE KING WAS CALLED KHAS RUKKA.
ON THE BASIS OF WHICH PEOPLE COULD MOVE GOODS FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER, DASTAK WAS ALSO A KIND OF MODERN “PERMIT” OR “PASS” FOR ENTERING THE COURT OR CAMP.
LAWYERS WERE APPOINTED FROM EACH STATE IN THE ROYAL COURT, THEY USED TO PROTECT THE INTERESTS OF THEIR RULERS AND SEND INFORMATION. THE INFORMATION WRITTEN BY HIM IS CALLED VAKIL REPORT.
SIMILARLY, THE PRESIDENCY OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE STATE AND THE COURT WAS CALLED AKHBARAT.
Rajasthani language is written archival material (Rajasthan: Archival Source)
In Rajasthani language written archival material, Rajasthani language written in Mahajani, Modi Hadauti, Mewari, etc. Parwane Kharite, applications, letters, and Pandi are such small letters, in which the mutual behavior of Rajasthan’s rulers, officials, village employees, etc. is clear. Historical material is also obtained from this behavioral study.
Other major sources of history written in the Rajasthani language are Bahis written in various Rajput kingdoms, it is difficult to tell the exact time when the practice of writing these Bahis started, but the oldest Bahi that is received is that of Rana Raj Singh (1652-1680 AD). ), followed by the second ancient important book “Jodhpur Hukumat Ri Bahi”.
The condition of the Parganas of Mewar state during the period of the first Bahi Rana Raj Singh. His annual income and other types of accounts, the second book mentions many political, social, and economic situations in the context of Maharaja Jaswant Singh from the illness of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to the death of Aurangzeb. In this way, both books are very important in knowing the Rajasthan of the 17th century.
Patta, Patta means “ghriti” which is given and such given jagir, land, field, sight, rupee-money or according to the will of the state, building rent, state octroi donation, and part of the cost, etc. These were given by copper plates. Copies of these were written in patta books. In this way, patta and patta books throw detailed light on political, economic, and social conditions.
The subject division of books has not been scientifically completed, yet on the basis of the classification of books used by researchers and kept in private or state archives, books can be presented in the following way-
KOTA STATE RECORDS
BIKANER STATE RECORDS
JAIPUR STATE RECORDS
DASRI RECORDS OF JODHPUR
KOTA STATE RECORDS
THESE RECORDS PROVIDE DETAILS OF STATE ACTIVITIES FROM THE 17TH CENTURY TO THE 20TH CENTURY. IN THESE THE GUEST BOOK V.S. 1841-44, MIJLIS EXPENDITURE BOOK V.S. 1730, MAMLIK EXPENSES ETC. BOOKS, THE TYPE OF CLOTHES, THEIR VALUE, THE ACCOUNT OF CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR OF KOTA DOORS, AND MAINTENANCE OF PALACES AND GARDENS. APART FROM THIS, A DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE POLITICAL, SOCIAL, AND ECONOMIC RELATIONS OF THE RULERS OF KOTA WITH THE MUGHALS AND MARATHAS IS ALSO AVAILABLE.
BIKANER STATE RECORDS
RECORDS OF BIKANER STATE “PATAKA BAHI” TELL THE ACCOUNT OF THE RULE OF THE STATE FROM 1624 TO 1800. IN THIS ORDER, THE PATTA BAHI, CASH BAHI, LOAN BAHI, HOSAL BAHI, INTEREST BAHI, KAMTHANA BAHI ARE THE BOOKS THAT PRESENT THE ECONOMIC DETAILS. ETC. ARE IMPORTANT. ALONG WITH THE ECONOMIC CONDITION OF THE STATE, THESE BOOKS PROVIDE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT MANY SUBJECTS LIKE CURRENCY VALUATION, CONDITION OF AGRICULTURE, CONDITION OF PEOPLE, WAGES, MARKET PRICE, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC STATUS OF CASTES ETC. VILLAGE SYSTEM, FARMERS. KAGDO KI BAHI, JAIPUR BAHI, RAJPUT JAGIRDARI, RAJPUT JAGIRDARI, MARRIAGE WITH RULERS AND MUSLIM RULERS, ETC. IN THE BAHIS, HIGHLIGHTING THE STATUS, MEANS OF TRANSPORT AND RENT, ETC., “BYAV BAHI” IS VERY USEFUL IN THE CONTEXT OF SOCIAL HISTORY. IS.
JAIPUR STATE RECORDS
SOURCES CALLED SIHA HAZUR IN JAIPUR RECORDS ARE IN A WAY DIARIES TELLING THE INCOME AND EXPENDITURE OF DAILY ACCOUNTS. IT IS BOUND IN THE FORM OF ANNUAL BUNDLES WRITTEN IN OPEN LETTERS. V.NO. 1735 TO V.S. TILL 2006, THERE IS A DESCRIPTION OF ROYAL COSTUMES, FESTIVALS, ETC. SIMILARLY, FRESH RECORD BOOKS ARE THE MAIN ONES IN THE BOOKS PRESENTING THE ACCOUNTS OF DAILY WORK. IT IS WRITTEN IN DHUNDHARI SCRIPT. HELPFUL IN PRESENTING THE HISTORY OF THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES. POTDAR ROZNAMCHA AND PIDHA ROZNAMCHA THROW LIGHT ON THE PLANNING OF JAIPUR CITY AND LOGBAGH. THE DETAILED ECONOMIC RECORD OF RAJLOKA, COVERED IN 32 VOLUMES, IS KNOWN AS “DASTUR KOMVAR”. THIS RECORD IS BASED ON THE TOJI RECORD.
“DASTUR UL-AMAL” ALSO SHEDS LIGHT ON THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS, WHILE THEY ALSO PROVIDE INFORMATION ABOUT AGRICULTURE AND PANCHAYAT SYSTEMS, THE VALUE OF LAND-RAJ, THE CASTE RECOVERY OF PLANTATIONS, ETC.
POLITICAL-ECONOMIC PRACTICES ALONG WITH SOCIO-RELIGIOUS CONDITIONS ARE ALSO INDICATED BY “CLOTHES” LETTERS. PROCEEDINGS OF THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM OF JAIPUR STATE, CRIMES, PUNISHMENTS, AND REFORMS CAN BE STUDIED FROM THE JUSTICE ASSEMBLY OR SIHA COURT LETTERS. NIRKH BAZAR RECORD (1760-1815 AD) IS USEFUL TO KNOW THE MARKET PRICE OF TOWNS AND PARGANAS.
DASRI RECORDS OF JODHPUR
IN THE DASRI RECORD OF JODHPUR, THERE IS MENTION OF ORDERS TO INCREASE OR DECREASE THE AUTHORITY OF OFFICERS, COMPLAINTS, REWARDS ETC. IN THE RANK BOOK.
IN “PATTA BAHI” THERE ARE ORIGINAL COPIES OF LAND PATTAS ACCORDING TO ALL THE RAJPUT STATES OF RAJASTHAN. THESE BAHIS REVEAL THE RELIGIOUS ATTITUDE, TOLERANT POLICY, AND LIBERAL BEHAVIOR OF THE RAJPUT RULERS.
“HATH BAHI” REFERS TO THE PERSONAL MEMOIRS, SECRET CONSULTATIONS, AND RELIGIOUS WORKS OF THE RULERS. IN THESE BAHIS, THE MATERIAL OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC HISTORY, AS WELL AS CULTURAL HISTORY, IS COLLECTED, FOR EXAMPLE, IN A BAHI OF 1837 BY GANGA SHURU. 30 RUPEES WERE SPENT IN THE FORM OF WAGES FOR BRINGING GANGES WATER TO THE ROYAL FAMILY AND BRINGING IT, ETC.
DAILY DATE-WISE DESCRIPTION OF POLITICAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND RELIGIOUS SUBJECTS IS OBTAINED FROM “HAKIKAT BAHI”. THE PARGANAS OF THE STATE AND THEIR STATUS, THE PREVALENT TITLES OF OFFICERS, ADDRESS, POLICE, POSTAL AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT, IMPORT-EXPORT ITEMS, ETC. THE SUBJECTS INCLUDED IN THIS ARE THE CONTRIBUTION OF INDEPENDENCE, JAGIRDARI AND ATTITUDES OF THE RULERS, RELATIONS WITH THE BRITISH, ETC. THESE BOOKS ALSO PROVIDE DATED DETAILS.
APART FROM THESE BOOKS, HAKIKAT KHATUNIYA KHAZANA BAHI, KHAZANA CHAUPANYA, PATTA KHATUNI, AND CHHERA’S BOOK OF JALORE RECORDS ARE GOOD RECORDS FOR THE HISTORY OF MARWAR.
MATERIAL WRITTEN OR PRINTED IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS STORED IN THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF INDIA, NEW DELHI. THIS MATERIAL IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS –
RECORDS OF THE FOREIGN AND POLITICAL DEPARTMENT
RAJPUTANA AGENCY RECORDS
MISC SERIES RECORDS
RECORDS OF THE FOREIGN AND POLITICAL DEPARTMENT
THESE RECORDS CONTAIN OFFICE CORRESPONDENCE. THE ACCOUNT OF PROPOSALS, REMINDERS, DEMAND LETTERS ETC. PROPOSED BY THE GOVERNOR GENERAL AND THE MEMBERS OF HIS COUNCIL AND THE COMPILATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE, SEMI-ADMINISTRATIVE ETC. MUTUAL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE GOVERNOR GENERAL, THE GOVERNOR GENERAL’S AGENTS, AND POLITICAL AGENTS APPOINTED IN VARIOUS PRINCELY STATES IS KEPT IN THIS CATEGORY. HAS HAPPENED.
RAJPUTANA AGENCY RECORDS
THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS BETWEEN THE KINGS AND THE POLITICAL AGENTS IN THE RECORDS, THE A.G. OF THE POLITICAL AGENTS. AND THE ACTIONS TAKEN TOWARDS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC REFORMS RELATED TO RAJPUTANA BETWEEN THE GOVERNOR GENERAL, ALONG WITH POLITICAL CONSULTATIONS, DIARIES OF AGENTS ETC. HAVE BEEN COMPILED.
WHILE THESE RECORDS PROVIDE DETAILS OF THE POLITICAL SITUATION IN RAJASTHAN FROM THE 18TH TO THE 20TH CENTURY, THEY ALSO PRESENT THE COURTLY CONDUCT, MUTUAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE JAGIRDARS, SOCIAL EVILS, AND ECONOMIC SYSTEMS.
MISC SERIES RECORDS
RECORDS ARE THOSE COMPILED LETTERS OF VARIOUS SUBJECTS WHICH REFER TO TRAVEL DETAILS, MEMORIES, AWARDS, HONORS ETC.
Sources of History of Rajasthan
RAJASTHANI POPULAR LITERATURE
LITERATURE WRITTEN IN RAJASTHANI LANGUAGE IS AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF THE HISTORY OF RAJASTHAN. ANCIENT RAJASTHANI LITERATURE HAS A DIRECT AND INDIRECT RELATION WITH HISTORY. THIS LITERATURE IS FOUND WRITTEN IN SANSKRIT PRAKRIT, PALI, APABHRANSH, DINGAL, AND PINGAL LANGUAGES OR DIFFERENT DIALECTS OF RAJASTHAN. LITERATURE, JAIN LITERATURE, SAINT LITERATURE, FOLK LITERATURE AND RETAIL LITERATURE AND BRAHMIN LITERATURE, CHARAN LITERATURE HAVE BEEN CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO THE AUTHOR’S TENDENCIES.
BUT FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF HISTORY, DR. RAGHUVEER SINGH HAS CLASSIFIED THE LITERATURE INTO FOUR PARTS –
REPUTATIONS, GENEALOGIES, AND SIMILAR LITERATURE.
LIFE STORIES WRITTEN IN PROSE; ARE OF HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE.
SANSKRIT, DINGAL, AND PINGAL COMPOSED POETIC TEXTS IN WHICH THERE IS A DESCRIPTION OF A PARTICULAR RULER OR DYNASTY.
OTHER COMPOSITIONS INDIRECTLY THROW LIGHT ON THE HISTORY, CIVILIZATION, AND CULTURE OF RAJASTHAN.
THIS LITERATURE WRITTEN IN RAJASTHANI LANGUAGE IS DIVIDED UNDER PS: VANSHWALIS, PIDHIYAWALI, PATTAWALI, VIGAT VACHANIKA, DARAWAT, GATASHTYAT ETC.
LISTS OF PERSONS BELONGING TO DIFFERENT DYNASTIES ARE FOUND IN GENEALOGIES. IN THESE LISTS, GENERATION-WISE DESCRIPTION IS ALSO AVAILABLE TILL THE BEGINNING OF THE LINEAGE. THE GENEALOGIES AND GENEALOGIES ARE MOSTLY WRITTEN BY “BHATIS”. PRADVES DYNASTY AND SAMANT FAMILY USED TO HOST A PERSON OF THIS (BHAT) CASTE.
SURYAVANSH GENEALOGY, RANAJI RI GENEALOGY, SISOD GENEALOGY, TAWARIKH GENEALOGY ETC. ARE EXAMPLES OF THIS. THERE IS NO DOUBT THAT GENEALOGIES WERE WRITTEN FROM BEFORE THE 16TH CENTURY. BUT MOST OF THEM ARE NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE. IT IS ALSO NOT NECESSARY THAT GENEALOGIES WERE WRITTEN AT THE SAME TIME BY A SPECIFIC PERSON, BUT THIS WRITING TRADITION WAS ALSO ANCESTRAL. THAT IS WHY NO AUTHOR’S NAME IS FOUND IN MOST GENEALOGIES. BUT THIS WRITING TRADITION WAS ALSO ANCESTRAL. THAT IS WHY NO AUTHOR’S NAME IS FOUND IN MOST GENEALOGIES. BUT THIS WRITING TRADITION WAS ALSO ANCESTRAL. THAT IS WHY NO AUTHOR’S NAME IS FOUND IN MOST GENEALOGIES.
AFTER GENEALOGIES, GENEALOGIES AND PATTAVALIS, VIGAT, HAKIGAT VACHANIKA ETC. ARE DESCRIPTIVE AND INFORMATIVE GADDAVIDYA. IN THIS, FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF HISTORY, THE DETAILS OF THE RULER, GOVERNMENT FAMILY, PROMINENT PERSON OF THE STATE, OR THEIR POLITICAL, AND SOCIAL PERSONALITY ARE GIVEN. FROM THE ECONOMIC POINT OF VIEW, THE DATA AVAILABLE IN THE PAST, ETC., HAVE PROVED TO BE VERY USEFUL FOR UNDERSTANDING THE ECONOMIC-SOCIAL CONDITIONS AND PRACTICES AND FOR THE IMPACT OF HISTORY.
BAAT OR VAAT LITERATURE IS ALSO AVAILABLE IN ABUNDANCE IN RAJASTHAN DESPITE THE PAST REALITY. THE LITERAL MEANING OF TALK IS DESCRIPTION OR STORY. THIS LITERATURE WAS COMPOSED MAINLY IN THE 17TH AND 18TH CENTURIES. THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF THINGS:-
(1) AS A PART OF S TO KHALAL, THAT IS, THOSE WHICH WERE CREATED FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF HISTORY FOR THE PURPOSE OF CREATING LITERATURE ON THE BASIS OF HISTORICAL MEN OR HISTORICAL FACTS;
(2) OTHER TYPES OF THINGS ARE FOUND IN THE PROGRESS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ART OF TELLING STORIES ON THE BASIS OF HISTORICAL FACTS.
IN THIS WAY, THE HISTORICAL FACT IS SECONDARY AND THE ELEMENT OF IMAGINATION IS MORE IN THE MATTER, YET ACCORDING TO THE METHOD OF “DISSECTION”, WHERE THESE THINGS HAVE BEEN HELPING IN FACT-REPRESENTATION, IT IS ALSO A PRIMARY SOURCE TO KNOW THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CONDITION. HOLDS ITS POSITION AS
THERE IS SUCH AN ABUNDANCE OF THINGS AVAILABLE IN RAJASTHAN THAT IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO MENTION ALL THE NAMES, BUT SOME OF THE IMPORTANT THINGS ARE JAGAT PANWAR KI BAAT, KUVARANSI SANKHLA KI BAAT, RAWALRANAJI RI BAAT ETC. THE FAME OF NAINASI AND BANKIDAS IS IMPORTANT.
A VERY MATURE AND EXCELLENT FORM OF RAJASTHAN’S PROSE IS PRESENT IN THE WELL-KNOWN LITERATURE, WHILE FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF HISTORY, THE WELL-KNOWN HAS A MORE RELIABLE, FACTUAL, AND HISTORICAL BASIS THAN OTHER LITERATURE. LOOKING AT THEIR SOURCE ROLE IN HISTORY, IT CAN BE SAID THAT WELL-KNOWN LITERATURE IS AN INVALUABLE FUND OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH. KHYAT IS BASICALLY A WORD IN THE SANSKRIT LANGUAGE AND FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF SEMANTICS, IT MEANS FAMOUS, FAMOUS, FAMOUS, FAMOUS ETC. BUT IN RAJASTHAN, ITS REFERENCE HAS BEEN USED AS A SYNONYM FOR HISTORY. IN THIS, THE CONDITION OF THE WORKS AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF ANY MAN OR MEN OF EACH DYNASTY OR SPECIFIC DYNASTY IS FOUND. KHYATS HAVE BEEN NAMED AFTER DYNASTY, STATE, OR AUTHOR’S NAME, SUCH AS RATHORE RI KHYAT, MARWAR RAJYA RI KHYAT,
FAMOUS – THE CREATION OF LITERATURE IS CONSIDERED TO HAVE STARTED FROM THE TIME OF MUGHAL EMPEROR AKBAR. DURING THE REIGN OF AKBAR, WHEN THE MATERIAL WAS COLLECTED BY ABUL FAZL FOR THE WRITING OF AKBARNAMA, THE VARIOUS PRINCELY STATES OF RAJPUTANA WERE ORDERED BY THE EMPEROR TO SEND THEIR STATE, GENEALOGICAL AND HISTORICAL DETAILS. IN THIS CONTEXT, STORIES WERE WRITTEN IN EACH OF THE STATES. IN THIS WAY, THE WELL-KNOWN WRITING TRADITION STARTED IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY, BUT HISTORICAL DESCRIPTIONS ARE FOUND WRITTEN IN THEM ONLY FROM THE FIRST HALF OF THE 15TH CENTURY. SOME FAMES ARE FOUND IN THEIR ORIGINAL FORM, BUT MOST OF THEM ARE COPIED LATER BY THE SCRIBES. IN THESE COPIES, COPYISTS HAVE ALSO WRITTEN BY ADDING CONTEXT IN THEIR OWN WAY. THEREFORE
THE BASIS OF WELL-KNOWN WRITING IS ANCIENT BOOKS, CONTEMPORARY HISTORICAL DETAILS, GENEALOGIES OF BARWA-BHATS, AND SHRUTI TRADITION.
NOT ONLY IS THERE A DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, RELIGIOUS, MORAL, AND CULTURAL TRENDS OF THE SOCIETY IN THE KHYATAS, BUT ALSO A HISTORY-UNDERSTANDING OF THE IDEAL AND COMPLETE BEHAVIOR OF HUMAN LIFE OF CONTEMPORARY AND EARLIER TIMES IS ALSO OBTAINED. IN THIS WAY, THE PROGRESS OF CONTEMPORARY LANGUAGE LITERATURE, MUSIC, ART, SCIENCE ETC. IS ALSO FOUND WRITTEN IN FAMOUS LITERATURE.
HISTORICALLY, THERE ARE SOME FLAWS IN THE LEGENDS. EXAGGERATION IS NOT DEPRIVED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF COMPLETE DESCRIPTION DUE TO THE FACT THAT THE STORIES WERE WRITTEN IN RAJYASRAYYA. IN THESE, WE CAN SEE ATTEMPTS TO EXAGGERATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THEIR OWN STATE OR DYNASTY OF THE BENEFACTOR.
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