Geographical and Economic Perspective:- The Chohri of Rajasthan gives it a kite shape. The state is located between 23 Degrees to 30Degrees latitudes and 69 Degrees to 78 Degrees longitudes. It is bordered by Pakistan, Punjab, and Haryana to the north, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat to the south, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to the east, and Pakistan to the west.
480 km from Sirohi going towards Alwar. The long Aravalli mountain range naturally divides the state into two parts. The eastern division of Rajasthan has been fertile since the beginning. The average rainfall in this part is 50 cm. to 90 cm Till then. After the creation of Rajasthan, big dams and powerhouses have been built on the Chambal and Mahi rivers, which have provided irrigation and electricity facilities to Rajasthan. Medium-range dams have also been built on other rivers. Through which thousands of hectares are irrigated. Large reserves of copper, zinc, mica, emerald, ghee stone, and other minerals are found in this part.
The long main canal has been completed. The distributary system of the canal is about 9000 km. Out of these, 6000 km. Distributors have been made. Presently, 10 lakh hectares of land have come under the irrigation area of the project. After the completion of the project, a total of 15.79 lakh hectares of land in the region will be benefitted from irrigation, which will generate 3.5 million tonnes of food grains, 3 million tonnes of commercial crops, and 6 million tonnes of grass. A total of 5 lakh families will settle in the project area. Towns and many villages in Jodhpur, Bikaner, Churu, and Barmer districts will be provided with drinking water supplied by various “lift projects” from the canal. In this way, a large part of Rajasthan’s desert will be converted into agricultural land. This is the scene in Suratgarh. Can be seen even at this time. Drinking water delivered from will be available. In this way, a large part of the desert of Rajasthan will be converted into cropland. This scene can be seen in Suratgarh even at this time.
Rajasthan is also a participant in the hydroelectric projects to be built on the rivers of the Indus basin. At this time, it gets a lot of help in the agricultural and industrial development of Bhakra-Nangal and other schemes. Apart from the Rajasthan Canal Project, there is a dam built on the Jawai river in this part, which not only irrigates a wide area but also provides drinking water to the city of Jodhpur. This division is still industrially backward. But as the facilities of electricity and water will increase in this area, industrial development will also gain momentum. In this garden, lignite, fuller’s earth, tungsten, bentonite, gypsum, Marble, etc. minerals are found in abundance. There are good possibilities for getting oil in the Jaisalmer area. Recent excavations have shown that high K gas is available in abundance in this area. Now the day is not far when this part of Rajasthan will also become prosperous.
The area of the state is 3.42 lakh sq km. Which is 10.40 percent of the area of India. It is the second largest state of India. In the year 1996-97, the number of villages in the state was 37,889 and the number of cities and towns was 222. There are 32 Zilla Parishads, 235 Panchayat Samitis, and 9125 Gram Panchayats in the state. There are 2 municipal corporations and 180 municipalities of all categories.
According to the 1991 census, the population of the state was 4.39 crore. Population Density Per Sq.Km. 126 is In this, the number of men was 2.30 crore and the number of women was 2.09 crore. The decadal growth rate in the state was 28.44 percent, compared to 23.56 percent in India. Literacy in the state was 38.81 percent. While India’s literacy was only 20.8 percent, which was the lowest among other states of the country. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the state constitute 17.29 percent and 12.44 percent respectively of the total population of the state.
At the end of 1996–97, there were 3389 primary schools, 12,692 upper primary schools, 3501 secondary schools, and 1404 senior secondary schools. In the field of higher education, there are 6 universities, 4 “deemed” universities, 231 arts, commerce, and science colleges, 7 engineering colleges, 6 medical colleges, 5 Ayurveda colleges, and 24 polytechnics. The state has 29 hospitals, 278 dispensaries, 1616 primary health centers, There are 261 community health centers, 13 urban help centers, 9400 sub-centers, 118 mother and child welfare centers, and 36702 indoor beds. The number of Ayurveda dispensaries is 3571, the number of homeopathy clinics is 1468 and the number of mobile veterinary clinics is 53.
The livestock population in the state is more than 6 crore. All the cities and 37,274 villages of the state have come under a safe drinking water scheme. The total length of roads in the state is 1,38,000 km. and the number of vehicles was 19.8 lakhs. Of these, the number of cars and jeeps was 1,60 lakh.
The State’s Gross Domestic Product at constant prices in 1996-97 was around Rs.12420 crores. And the net domestic product was Rs 11,021 crore. The per capita income in the state is Rs.2,232. Was. In the said year the production of food grains in the state was 12702 lakh tonnes and the production of oilseeds and cotton was 40 lakh tonnes and 12.95 lakh bales respectively. The total area under crops in the state was 175 lakh hectares. Its 29 percent was irrigated area.
In 1996, the state produced 31 thousand tonnes of sugar, 30 thousand tonnes of vanaspati ghee, 11 lakh tonnes of salt, 66 lakh tonnes of cement, 457 lakh meters of cotton cloth, and 11500 tonnes of polyester yarn. In 1996, 10.10 lakh people were employed in the public sector and 2.56 lakh in the private sector in the state. The total number of bank branches in the state was 3217, including 1070 branches of regional rural banks.
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