Indian Railways

Indian Railways is worked by the Ministry of Railways. It is the fourth biggest railroad arrange on the planet by size. Indian Railway (IR) runs in excess of 20,000 traveler prepares day by day. From the primary railroad proposition in Madras in 1832 to work now, the Indian rail line accomplishes numerous achievements. Here is the rundown of some significant authentic occasions that the Indian railroad went through.

Indian Railway History

Indian railway info has propelled the way toward opening up train activities to private substances on 109 birthplace destination(OD) sets of courses utilizing 151 present-day trains. It has welcomed Request for Qualifications recommendations, for the examination of merchant capacities, from the individuals who can welcome present-day trains for the procedure on existing rail framework. At present, booked traveler train administrations stay deadened during the COVID-19 pandemic, and different railroads have been running just specials, for example, those for laborers.
However, the Indian railway inquiry Board has pushed forward with a long-pending arrangement, setting a speculative calendar for private train tasks, expected to start in 2023 and in 12 bunches. In December 2019, Union Railway Minister Piyush Goyal had said that a Group of Secretaries had gone into the topic of permitting private train administrations. There was no proposition to permit more Tejas trains from Indian railways govt. Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited (IRCTC), the Minister said. The IRCTC, where the legislature is the dominant part investor, was given pilot Tejas tasks in the New Delhi-Lucknow, and Mumbai-Ahmedabad divisions. These were the main trains permitted to be controlled by a ‘non-Railway’ administrator. The current move makes another stride towards contending traveler train activities, bringing new-age prepares, and drawing in ventures of an expected ₹30,000 crore.
Indian Railway
INCIDENT
TIME/FACTS
First proposal
Madras 1832
Founded
On April 16th, 1853, when a train with 14 railway carriages and 400 guests left Bombay’s Bori Bunder for Thane.
Track gauge
1676 mm; 1000 mm; 762 mm; 610 mm
Electrification
26,269 km
Length
115,000 km of track length over a route of 67,312 km
Headquarter
New Delhi, India
Stations
8000 to 8500
Nationalization
1951
First Railway Bridge
Dapoorie Viaduct on the Mumbai-Thane route
First Rail Tunnel
Parsik Tunnel
First Underground Railway
Calcutta Metro
The normal length of a passenger train
24 coaches
First Computerized Reservation
New Delhi (1986)
Fastest Train
India New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India (runs at a speed up to 150 Km/ph)
First electric train
Ran between Bombay’s Victoria Terminus and Kurla along the Harbour Line of CR, on February 3, 1925, a distance of 9.5 miles
Shortest Station Name
Ib, near Jharsuguda in Odisha and Od, near Anand in Gujarat
Longest Station Name
Venkatanarasimharajuvariipeta on the Arakkonam-Renigunta section near Chennai
Oldest Station
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Oldest trains still running
Bangalore Mail has been running in various guises since 1864
Highest railway station
Ghoom
The oldest running dining car
The Bombay-Pune Deccan Queen
Busiest Railway Station
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Longest Run (Time)
Vivek Express from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari travels a distance of 4273
Shortest Run
The route between Nagpur and Ajni (3km)
Longest Run for Daily Train
Kerala Express (3054 km in 42.5 hrs)
Longest Non-Stop Run (Distance)
Trivandrum Rajdhani covering 528 km
Longest Railway Platform
Gorakhpur (1.35 km in length)
Longest Railway Bridge
Rail link between Idapalli railway station and ICTT, 4.62km
Tallest bridge
The Gambir Khad bridge between Jammu Tawi and Udhampur is 77m tall.
Longest Tunnel
Karbude Tunnel of the Konkan Railway (6.5 km)
Oldest Preserved Locomotive
Fairy Queen (1855), still in working order
Daily Runs
About 10,000 trains
Daily Carries
More than 11 million passengers & 1 million tonnes of freight
Railway Station with all the Three Gauges
Siliguri Railway Station
People Employed
About 1.6 million people, the fourth largest employer in the World
Train with Maximum Number of Halts
Howrah-Amritsar Express (115 halts)
Stations across State Lines
Navapur (Maharashtra and Gujarat), Bhawani Mandi (Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan)
Northernmost railway station
Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir
Westernmost station
Naliya near Bhuj in Gujarat
Southernmost railway station
Kanyakumari
Eastmost railway station
Ledo on the branch line from Tinsukia
Least punctual train
Guwahati-Trivandrum Express is said to be the most unreliable long-distance train in the country. The chart journey time is 65 hours and 5 minutes, but the average delay on a trip is about 10-12 hours.
Longest non-stop travel/ Trains with most stops
Trivandrum – H. Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express travels the 528km stretch between Vadodara and Kota non-stop
First electric locomotive
1908
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain Railways of ( Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a narrow-gauge railway in West Bengal)
First double Decker train
Flying Rani introduced in 2005
Largest railway complex in India
Howrah Station
The train crosses the largest number of states
Navyug express between Mangalore and Jammu Tawi
The train crossed the maximum number of zones
Ernakulam-Barauni
The largest distance entirely in one state
Kolhapur-Gondia Maharashtra Exp
The shortest distance between stations
Safilguda and Dayanand Nagar stations on the Secunderabad, 170m apart.
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