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The Mumbai Police History: @Gkduniya.in
The Mumbai Police (Marathi: मुंबई पोलीस, IAST: Mumbaī Pulīs, previously Bombay Police) is the police branch of the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is a piece of Maharashtra Police and has the essential obligations of law requirement and examination inside the restrictions of Mumbai. The power’s saying is “Sadrakṣaṇāya Khalanigrahaṇāya” (Sanskrit: सद्रक्षणाय खलनिग्रहणाय, English: “To secure Good and to obliterate Evil”).
It is going by the Mumbai Police Commissioner to be helped by an IPS officer in the position of Additional Director General, and each region headed will be going by a Deputy Commissioner of Police in the position of Superintendent of Police (barring correctional facilities headed by Inspector Generals). Each police headquarters is going by a Senior Inspector called the Station House Officer (SHO).
During the seventeenth century (until 1655), the space of present-day Mumbai was under Portuguese control. The Portuguese framed a fundamental law requirement structure around here with the foundation of a Police outpost in 1661.
The starting points of the current day Mumbai police can be followed back to a volunteer army coordinated by Gerald Aungier, the then Governor of Bombay in 1669. This Bhandari Militia was made out of around 500 men and was settled at Mahim, Severe, and Sion. In 1672, the legal outline of police choices by courts was presented, albeit none of the adjudicators had any real legitimate training. The circumstance stayed unaltered through the Maratha wars. However, by 1682, policing stayed stale. There was just a single ensign for the entire Bhandari volunteer army, and there were just three sergeants and two corporals.
Creation and early days
On 29 March 1780, the workplace of the Lieutenant of Police was broken down and the workplace of Deputy of Police was made. James Todd, the then Lieutenant of Police was named as the primary Deputy of Police on 5 April 1780. He was attempted and excused for debasement in 1790. In this manner, the assignment was changed to “Agent of Police and High Constable”.
In 1793, Act XXXIII, Geo. III was declared. The post of Deputy of Police was canceled and a post of Superintendent of Police was made in its place, with a Deputy of Superintendent of Police helping him. Mr. Simon Halliday was the primary Superintendent of Police and represented till 1808. During this time, an intensive amendment and re-course of action of policing nearby external the Fort was done. The problematic region known as “Dungaree and the Woods” was separated into 14 Police divisions, every division is staffed by two English constables and a fluctuating number of Peons (not surpassing 130 for the entire region), who were to be fixed in their individual charges and liable for managing all illicit demonstrations submitted inside their limits.
After the solidifying of British Rule in India after the 1857 conflict of Indian Independence, in 1864, the three Presidency towns of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras were given Commissioners of Police. On 14 December 1864, Sir Frank Souter was selected as the primary Police Commissioner of Bombay. He stayed in office for a very long time, till 3 July 1888. During that year (1864), Khan Bahadur Sheik Ibrahim Sheik Imam turned into the principal Indian delegated to a cop’s post.
In 1896 the Commissioner’s office moved to an Anglo-Gothic restoration building, which it actually possesses right up ’til the present time. The Police Headquarters building is an ensured legacy site.
After freedom, many changes to the Bombay Police were initiated. On 15 August 1947, J.S. Bharucha turned into the principal Indian top of the Bombay Police, taking over from the last British Commissioner, Mr. A.E. Caffin. A canine crew was set up in 1965. PCs were first utilized by the Bombay police in 1976. A Narcotics Cell and an enemy of psychological oppressor extraordinary tasks crew were made in 1989.
The assistance was renamed to Mumbai Police in 1995, following the renaming of Bombay to Mumbai. In 1995, the control room was mechanized, lastly, in 1997, the Mumbai Police went online.
Modernization and present day
A huge modernization of the Mumbai Police occurred in 2005. New vehicles, weapons, and electronic hardware were obtained for police use. The Tourist Squad was additionally made to watch the seashores of Mumbai. On 30 May 2009, the Maharashtra government in Mumbai set up a police headquarters devoted to handling digital wrongdoing. It is the third such office in India after Bangalore and Hyderabad. The devoted police headquarters will presently enlist first data reports (FIRs) all alone and examine offenses relating to the internet. It isn’t clear how individuals abroad may answer to Mumbai Cyber cell. The police headquarters will deal with all digital cases in the city including that of dread messages. The current Cyber Crime Investigation Cell of the city police tests digital offenses, however, the FIRs are enlisted in neighborhood police headquarters relying upon the site of the offense. An uncommonly prepared group of more than 25 police officers, headed by an Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP), were chosen for the new position. The office will work under the management of the Deputy Commissioner of Police (Preventive) and Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime).
The Mumbai Police Headquarters is in a Grade II-A recorded legacy construction that was worked in 1894 and planned by John Adams, who likewise planned the Royal Bombay Yacht Club. It is situated inverse Crawford Market in South Mumbai, pretty far from the Victoria Terminus. The development work began on 17 November 1894 and was completed two years after the fact on 24 December 1896. The structure was officially opened on 1 January 1897.
The design style of the structure is Gothic Revival. As opposed to the Maharashtra Police Headquarters in Fort, which uses blue basalt and was assembled exactly twenty years sooner, this structure utilizes yellow basalt. The structure went through a significant rebuilding in 2017 without precedent for its 120-year history. In 2018, it was reported that a police historical center financed by Tata Trusts would open in the building. Since then, at that point, there have been no further turning of events.
The Mumbai Police Department is going by a Police Commissioner, who is an IPS official. The Mumbai Police go under the state home office through Maharashtra Police. The city is separated into Twelve police zones and Twenty Five traffic police zones, each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police. The Traffic Police is a semi-independent body under the Mumbai Police.
The office holds a few projects for the government assistance of its authorities including the Retirement Planning Workshop.
Topographical division (Geographical division)
Mumbai police are comprehensively isolated into five districts specifically Central, North, South, East, and West. For authoritative purposes, every locale is partitioned into 3 to 4 zones. Every Mumbai police zone has 3 to 4 police headquarters. Each zone is directed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP). Aside from the 12 zones, there is likewise an extra Port zone. Mumbai Police headquarters under the Port zone keep a vigil on the Mumbai Port and holder terminals in Mumbai. There is an aggregate of 91 police headquarters in the locale of Mumbai Police. Each police headquarters has a Police Inspector who is the in-control official of the station.
Hierarchy structure of the Mumbai Police
Commissioner of Police (DG rank/ADG rank)
Joint Commissioner of Police (IGP rank)
Additional Commissioner of Police (DIG rank)
Deputy Commissioner of Police (SP rank)
Assistant Commissioner of Police (Deputy SP rank/Assistant SP rank)
Assistant Police Inspector
Police Sub Inspector
Assistant Sub Inspector
The individuals who join the police officer through the subordinate administration’s assessment of the Maharashtra Public Service Commission enter the power at the most reduced positions of the power. Their beginning position is that of a Police constable. The individuals who join the police power through the consolidated cutthroat assessment of the Maharashtra Public Service Commission hold a beginning position of Sub Inspector or Deputy Superintendent of Police of Maharashtra Police Service. Government employees who join the police power through the common help assessment led by UPSC hold a beginning position of Assistant Superintendent of Police of the Indian Police Service unit. By and large the IPS officials come to the most elevated position of Director-General. The Commissioner of Police of Mumbai, an IPS official is one of the positions of Additional Director General of Police.
Total (Units and Subunits)
Mumbai Police is divided into the following units and Subunits:
Special Unit Service
Detection Unit (Mumbai Encounter Squad)
Anti Terrorist Squad
Social Service Cell
Detection Unit (Mumbai Encounter Squad)
Anti Terrorist Squad
Social Service Cell
Local Armed Police
Modus Operandi Bureau
Missing Persons Bureau
Protection & Security
Riot Control Police
Economic Offenses Wing
Juvenile AID Protection Unit
Quick Response Team
26 November 2008 Mumbai assaults
Against Terrorism Squad Chief Hemant Karkare, Additional Commissioner of Police Ashok Kamte, and Encounter expert Vijay Salaskar were among the police officers who tumbled to the projectiles of the psychological militants. Then, at that point, Joint Commissioner of Mumbai Crime Branch Mr. Rakesh Maria under the administration of Police Commissioner Hasan Gafoor handled the unexpected assault with his sublime skills. Mr. Ramesh Mahale, then, at that point, an official with the wrongdoing branch explored the case and dealt with the solitary captured assailant Ajmal Kasab. Police Commissioner Hasan Gafoor was shunted out of his office. Mahale surrendered as of late over a homicide case examination which he was leading. In the next year, as a reaction to these assaults, a specific counter-psychological oppression unit, Force One was shaped and appointed on 24 November 2009, two days before the commemoration of the 26/11 fear assaults. A committee was named to investigate the disappointments of cops relating to the fear of assault. The Ram Pradhan Committee, as it came to be known, outfitted a report suggesting a progression of upgrades and changes. The State Government of Maharashtra anyway never had this report postponed in the council dreading aftermath over injuries passed in the report. A Public Interest Litigation has been recorded by friendly dissident Ketan Tirodkar to request equivalent equity for all the police who were killed in the dread assault; particularly for the individuals from the Bomb Disposal Squad of Mumbai Police. During the knowledge about the request, the Government educated the High Court that the Federal Government of India has dismissed the proposition to grant the Bomb Disposal Squad of the city police for their commitment to disarming grenades in the dread assault.
Sheena Bora murder case
Sheena Bora, a leader working for Metro One situated in Mumbai, disappeared on 24 April 2012. In August 2015, the Mumbai Police had gotten a hint from an obscure man asserting that Sheena Bora had been killed. After they reached out to their Counterparts in Pune, they captured her mom, Indrani Mukerjea, her stepfather Sanjeev Khanna, and her mom’s driver, Shyamvar Pinturam Rai, for supposedly snatching and killing her and accordingly consuming her body. They additionally captured Indrani’s significant other, Peter Mukerjea regarding the case. Rai has now been permitted to turn approver for the situation after he was exculpated by the Bandra Magistrate Court in Mumbai. As of May 2017, Indrani, Peter, and Sanjeev have been stopped in Byculla Women’s Prison and Arthur Road Jail in Mumbai, individually.
A large part of the gear for the Mumbai Police is produced natively by the Indian Ordnance Factories constrained by the Ordnance Factories Board, Ministry of Defense, Government of India. Weapons, for example, Glock Pistols are imported from Austria. These guns were first imported for the Anti-psychological oppressor Squad in Mumbai when the equivalent was framed in 2004.
Rifles SMLE Mk III*, Assault Rifle 7.62 mm, Ishapore 2A1, SUB Machine GUN CARBINE 9 mm 1A1, 38 MM Multi-Shot Riot Gun, 7.62 MM 1A1, INSAS 5.56 mm, AK-47(247 in total),  FN-FAL
250 MP5 German programmed sub-automatic weapons have recently been ordered., M4, M107 against material rifle and SWAT hardware.
Guns Glock gun (PistolsGlock pistol), Pistol Auto 9mm 1A, Smith and Wesson M&P.
Detail List of Mumbai police’s Vehicles
C.P.Pool Mumbai Vehicle Fleet
Total Vehicle Fleet
Special Purpose Vehicle
Transportation Vehicles ( Squad cars )
72-speed boats have been also ordered.
Topped covers are worn with an orange band and crown that is less solid such it drops downwards. A khaki casual shirt and long jeans are worn by most individuals. A few ladies may wear sarees in the event that they like. The fix of the police power is apparent as well.
Mumbai police in mainstream society (popular culture)
Since Bollywood, India’s Hindi language entertainment world is essentially situated in Mumbai, the Mumbai police have been often depicted in films. A portion of the noticeable ones are recorded underneath:
A Wednesday (2008)
Aan: Men at Work (2004)
Ab Tak Chhappan (2004)
Ab Tak Chhappan 2 (2015)
Black Friday (2004)
Shootout at Lokhandwala (2007)
Shootout at Wadala (2013)
Slumdog Millionaire (2008)
Mumbai Meri Jaan (2008)
Mumbai Saga (2021)
A large portion of these movies depends on the functional gatherings most usually known as Encounter Squads. Officials like Pradeep Sharma, Vijay Salaskar, Praful Bhosale, Ravindra Angre, and so forth have recently headed these crews. Junior officials Hemant Desai, Ashok Khot, Sachin Waze, Daya Nayak, Uttam Bhosale, and so forth helped them.
The Ashok Chakra, India’s most noteworthy non-military personnel honor during the harmonious time, was presented post mortem upon two Mumbai Police officials – Hemant Karkare and Ashok Kamte who laid their lives in the help of the country during the 2008 Mumbai assaults. Junior official Vijay Salaskar was likewise after death granted the Ashok Chakra.
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